acute coronary syndrome (ACS)

  chest pain or a heart attack

angio seal


a vascular closure device, also referred to as a plug, placed in the groin to seal the puncture site after an angiogram


An x-ray test that uses a special dye and camera to take pictures of the blood flow in an artery or vein. An angiogram can look at the arteries or veins in your heart, head, arms, legs or belly.

A test that takes x-ray pictures of the coronary arteries and the vessels that supply blood to the heart. During an angiogram, a special dye is released into the coronary arteries from a catheter (special tube) inserted in a blood vessel. This dye makes the blood vessels visible when an X-ray is taken. Angiography allows doctors to clearly see how blood flows into the heart. This allows them to pinpoint problems with the coronary arteries.

Angiography may be recommended for patients with angina (chest pain) or those with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). The test gives doctors valuable information on the condition of the coronary arteries, such as atherosclerosis, regurgitation (blood flowing backwards through the heart valves) or pooling of blood in a chamber because of a valve malfunction.


Angioplasty opens blocked arteries so that blood can flow to your heart. It is done by putting a thin tube (catheter) in through a small puncture in your arm or leg artery up to your heart. A balloon is inflated and then removed. This opens the artery.

Angioplasty is a procedure to widen narrowed or obstructed arteries or veins. An empty, collapsed balloon, known as a balloon catheter, is passed over a wire into the narrowed locations and then inflated. The balloon forces expansion of the narrowed area within the vessel and the surrounding muscular wall, opening up the blood vessel for improved flow, and the balloon is then deflated and withdrawn. 

angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI)

medication for high blood pressure

a medication used for cardiovascular protection and to lower blood pressure

angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB)

medication for high blood pressure

a medication similar to Angiotensin Converting Enzyme Inhibitor (ACEI) which provides blood pressure management and cardiac protection

ankle brachial index (ABI)

a quick way to test to see if the arteries in your legs are blocked. It compares the blood pressure in your ankle to the blood pressure in your arm

a measurement that looks at the blood flow in your leg.  A blood pressure cuff is attached to your leg and a reading is made, then a blood pressure reading is obtained in the arm


a medication that stop blood cells called platelets from sticking together and forming a clot

a medication that decreases platelet aggregation and helps prevent clots, an example is aspirin (ASA)

aortic valve replacement (AVR)

a type of open heart surgery used to treat problems with your heart's aortic valve

atrial fibrillation (AFib)

when your heart beat is not regular, sometimes your heart may beat too fast.

an irregular heart rhythm in the upper chambers of your heart