painkilling medication is given to you through a very small tube in your back. This might be done when you are in labour or after surgery (for example after bowel surgery)

anesthesia administered to a labouring mother or to someone after surgery. It is given into the epidural space at the base of the spine to numb the lower body. It reduces pain significantly by making the mother unable to feel contractions during labour and delivery.

expressing breast milk

removing breast milk from the breasts using a pump to store for a later feeding

external fetal monitoring

 machine that monitors the progress of your fetus during pregnancy or when you are in labour. It records the fetal heartbeat and the mother's contractions.