near the time of birth

the time before, during, and immediately following birth.


organ that attaches the umbilical cord to the inside of your uterus (womb)

A pancake-shaped organ that develops in the uterus and provides nutrients and oxygen for the fetus and eliminates its waste products. The placenta attaches to the uterine wall. The baby is connected to the placenta with the umbilical cord. The expelling of the placenta after the baby is born is called the third stage of labour.

placenta accreta

when the placenta becomes embedded too deeply in the wall of your uterus

A condition in which the placenta invades the muscles of the uterus and becomes firmly attached to the uterine wall, making it difficult to remove after the baby is delivered.

placenta previa

when your placenta is lying unusually low in your uterus, next to or covering your cervix

A condition in which the placenta attaches too low in the uterus, fully or partially covering the cervix. The condition can cause bleeding during pregnancy or make vaginal delivery impossible.

placental abruption

when the placenta begins to separate from the wall of your uterus before your baby is born. Symptoms of an abruption usually include bleeding and abdominal pain.


the time after delivery of your baby (four to six weeks)


following childbirth

postpartum depression

unexplained sadness after having a baby

more severe than the more common baby blues, postpartum depression is characterized by crying, irritability, sleep problems, restlessness, feelings of hopelessness, and the inability to care for the baby. Many women suffering from postpartum depression need professional treatment.

postterm pregnancy (overdue)

pregnancy that lasts 42 weeks or more


new high blood pressure after 20 weeks of pregnancy, thought to happen when the placenta isn't working properly. It usually goes away after you give birth.

a complication of pregnancy characterized by high blood pressure and protein in the urine after 20 weeks of pregnancy. Symptoms include rapid weight gain and increased swelling. If left untreated, preeclampsia can lead to the more serious eclampsia.

pregnancy discrimination act

law that means you can't be treated differently because you are pregnant or have a baby

federal law barring discrimination against women for conditions related to pregnancy or childbirth

pregnancy-induced hypertension (PIH)

when your blood pressure goes up in the last trimester of your pregnancy

premature or preterm baby

baby born before 37 weeks gestation.


before birth.

prenatal care

medical care while you are pregnant

preterm delivery

birth of a baby before 37 weeks gestation.

preterm labour, premature labour

early labour

labour that begins after 20 weeks and before 37 weeks gestation. Prompt medical treatment can sometimes halt or postpone early labour, improving the baby's chances for survival.

preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM)

the bursting of the amniotic sac (membranes) before 37 weeks gestation.